Setting up Custom Station Labels for Profile View in Civil 3D

We’ve already discussed how to add custom stations along an Alignment and then how to set up Alignment and Sample Line Labels so we can have fully working custom stations along our Alignments.

Today we are going to look at how to set up Profile view bands for Station Equations and Sample Lines, so we can have our custom stations shown in the profile view too!

Setting up Profile view bands for Station Equations

We will start up with profile bands for Equations. Knowing that they are very powerful and easy to use. But we also know that there is a chance to mess things up using equations. Let’s take a look at profile bands and how to set them up:

  1. Firstly we have to be aware of band types we are using, and what is the date showing in there.  Since in every country there are different standards your bands may look different than mine. However here is the data I have in mine template:

    As you can see there are our Station Equations 14′ and 17′ they are all set up and good looking.
  2. We will start organizing the date about equations from the beginning. Now we right-click on our bands and go to Profile View Properties.. in the new window that pops up we have to go under the Bands tab and click on Pick Band Style button.
  3. We go and click on Edit Current Selection

  4. A new window will pop up called Profile Data Band Style here under the Band Details tab we can see Labels and Ticks menu. This are the band settings for all types of stations Major, minor, horizontal geometry, vertical geometry, Station equation, and Incremental distance. Now we have to select one of the already set up bands like Major stations and click on Compose Label.
  5. In the new window called Label Style Composer under Layout tab, we can see our components with all their properties. They include – name, visibility, anchor component, text high, rotation angle and much more! There is a row called Contents we can enter in contents menu by clicking on 3 dots on the right side.
  6. Now we are in the Text Component Editor window and there is a text that defines the text in our bands. We just have to Copy that text and Paste it into the Text Component Editor of Station Equation band type. (repeat steps 4 and 5)

That’s it our band is now set up and will show Equation’s data just as if it was a Major station.  The process has to be repeated for all the bands where we want to have Station Equation data.

Note: If you don’t have Station Equation band set up you might need to set all the other properties like text high, rotation, anchor point, offset etc. They should be the same as properties in your Major Station bands.

Setting up Profile view bands for Sample Lines

This is a bit tricky because Sample Lines are not part of Profile Data band types. That’s why we will need to create an entirely new Band set for Sectional Data (Sample lines). If we want to add just several Sample lines along our Alignment they will look really strange in profile view.

So we will have to add sample lines along all major and minor stations. Which is not that hard, we just have to choose By range of stations.. option when we are creating the sample lines. There we will be able to choose an incremental distance and Additional Sample Control like At Horizontal Geometry Point.

However, this can take some time and the biggest drawback is that Horizontal Geometry points won’t have their specific names like SC (Spiral-Curve) or TC (Tangent – Curve).

Now, if we don’t care about those drawbacks we can start setting up our bands for sample lines.

  1. Firstly we go to Bands tab in Profile View Properties window. In Band Type, we choose Sectional Data and then we Create New.
  2. A window will pop up – Sectional Data Band Style which is almost identical to the Profile Data Band Style. Now we have to choose the band type. For example, we will create a Design Elevation band for our Sample lines. Here under Labels and Ticks, we see At Sample line Station, we choose that and hit Compose label.
  3. Label Style Composer window is absolutely identical to the one in Profile Data bands. Under Contents we will enter the text for our new bands. The good thing is that we can go to Profile Data bands and copy their text here it works the same! So under Contents, we Paste the text from the Profile Data Design Elevation band.

We will have to repeat the process for all the bands we need and then replace old band set with a new one. Here is the result:

Setting up Alignment and Sample Line Labels in Civil 3d

This post is in support of the previous post about Adding custom stations along Alignment in Civil 3D. Today we are going to look at how to set up the Alignment labels. Since the process of setting up labels in Civil 3d is almost equal for most of the objects, we will look closely how to create Major station labels, Station Equation labels and Simple Line labels for our alignment.

Setting up Major Station labels

Major stations are the basic and one of the most important Label Types in our Alignment, so we are going to look in detail how to set them up.

  1. First, we have to create a label for Major Stations that will work for us (if we don’t already have one). This can be done by entering the Alignment Labels window. Then selecting Major Station Type and creating new. (in The example I already have a label set but we will go through the process again).
  2. After creating the label we have to set it up. So now in the Label Set Composer window, we set up our Major station label.
  3. First, we type in the name in the Information tab. For Example Station 100m
  4. Then we go to Layout tab and there we delete the existing properties (Text and line) by clicking on Red X.
  5. Now we have to set our label properties. By clicking on small triangle near “A” Symbol next to the X we choose what to add. In this example, we will add 2 Text objects and one block.
  6. After adding block we can choose one from the drawing by clicking on 3 dots next to Block Name. After importing the block we can set up lots of setting like Visibility, Anchor component, Anchor Point, Block hight, etc.
  7. Now we have to add Labels text. First text will be Label’s hectometre ( 0+100.00 = 10) so we go into contents by clicking on the three dots and in Text Component Editor window we type in the text from the image.
  8. Next label will be for the Label’s station and the text here will be this one:

That’s it we are good to go! We can add lots of different text contents for our labels, blocks, etc. So we can get creative if the design needs to.

In mine template, I have 3 different labels for Major Stations, 3 more for Station equations and so on. One for Label’s Hectometre, one for Label’s station and one for the block. This is because I want to have the opportunity to move one label without moving other with it. For example, I want to move Hectometre label away but my circle block has to stay in place.

Setting up Station Equation labels

The process of setting up Labels for Station Equations looks a lot like the previous one. Steps from 1 to 6 are exactly the same! We just have to select Station Equation Label Type.

In Step 7 the text that we have to enter in order to get our Equation’s Herctometre is this:


Step 8’s text looks like this:

Note: If you want your Custom Stations to be shown into your Profile view you have to Set up Custom Station Labels for Profile View in Civil 3D

Setting up Sample Line labels for an Alignment

This can be useful if we want to use Sample Lines for Custom stations along Alignment. Here are the steps:

  1. Firstly we have to place some Sample lines along our Alignment. (You can find an explanation of how to do this in the link above)
  2. Secondly, we have to right click on our sample lines and go to Sample Line Group Properties.
  3. There under Sample lines tab, we will see our sample lines. On the right side of the window, there is button Edit Group Labels.

  4. A window will pop up called Sample line labels and just like Alignment labels we go and create a new one.
  5. We choose a name for the Label Style and under Layout, we will add text and blocks, just like we did with Major Stations.
  6. For Hectometre text we type in this text:
  7. For Label’s station text we type in this text:

That’s all we now have our Sample Line’s labels set and ready for use as custom Alignment stations!

Note: If you want your Custom Stations to be shown into your Profile view you have to Set up Custom Station Labels for Profile View in Civil 3D

 

How to Add Custom Stations Along Alignment in Civil 3D.

Alignment objects

Alignment objects are one of the most important parts of Civil 3D drawing. They can represent road centerlines, pipe networks, etc. Creating and defining an alignment is one of the first things we have to do in order to create our roadway, railroad or site design. To create an alignment we usually use the Alignment Layout Tools. Those tools give us great control over the design, providing us with a possibility to use different types of spirals, straight lines, curves and complex combinations of them. We can even create an alignment from Polyline if we have some simple geometry. There is much more information about Alignment Objects in Autodesk’s official site, so I won’t type much about them now.

Alignment stations labels

Usually, when we have Alignments for Road Centerlines, for example, we use labels on them for general information like Station’s KM, Station Name or number, Geometry Station Name, Geometry Station KM, etc. Usually, those labels are located in incremental distances and/or at Alignment’s geometry points like Curve-Spiral point (CS) or Spiral-Tangent point (ST) etc. However, some times we want to have labels along custom places (specific KM or Specific place). For example, we have a road and we need a new bridge, we want to put labels on the bridge’s Abutment walls and piers (in the picture they are the Magenta lines). There are three different methods that we can use.

Adding new Major Station Label at one specific KM.

This is a good method if we want to add one or two labels. However, if there are many custom stations that we want to label, this first method will look kind of dull. How does it work:

  1. First, we have to know the exact Station where we want to place our label. In our example, it would be 0+147.00 (The first Abutment wall of the bridge)
  2. We open Edit Alignment Labels window by right-clicking over our alignment and choosing Edit Alignment Labels.. from the drop-down menu.
  3. Here we have to find the label set for our Major stations and ADD it one more time. In mine template, the style is “Station 100m
  4. After Adding it we have to set it’s increment to 1m (so we would have label every 1m). After that, we have to uncheck the two boxes before Start and End Station rows, and fill in the Exact Station for both of them. Then we hit OK.

Well, this is it we have our new label at station 0+147.00 as we wanted.

Note: This method my require changing the set up of your Major Station style or even creating an entirely new label style.

Note2: Only this method doesn’t require any setting up on profile’s bands because it uses already existing labels!

Adding Station Equations

The second method is a great solution to our problem! It requires a bit of set up, but after we’ve got our station equation labels ready we can add as many custom labels as we want in seconds!

  1. First, we have to create a label for Station Equations that will work for us (if we don’t already have one). This can be done by entering Alignment Labels window. Then selecting Station Equations Type and creating new. (in The example I already have a label set but we will go through the process again).
  2. After creating the label we have to set it up. So now in the Label Set Composer window, we set up our equation label.
  3. After having our Equation labels set up we just have to add some station equations. This can be done by right-clicking on our Alignment and going to Alignment properties.
  4. In Alignment properties window under the Station Control tab we can find Station Equations. We just have to click on the Small green plus icon “Add station equations“.

    Note: AutoCAD can give you a warning but don’t worry just hit OK.
  5. Now we just have to specify the Station where we want our labels by clicking on the screen.

Note: There is one problem that can occur since station equations are points along alignment where the stationing changes. After adding them as custom labels along with our alignment we have to be very careful not to change alignment’s geometry. Because if we did change it (the geometry before the equation) the equation station will remain the same. The stations after the equation will remain the same, but the stations before the equation will have the new stations.

We can easily correct that by copying Row Station Back’s value to Station Ahead. However, if we have a big project we can easily miss the error and then have some big problems!

Note2: This method requires setting up into profile band’s options to show our new stations there! You can learn how here: Setting up Custom Station Labels for Profile View in Civil 3D

Adding Sample lines

This is the preferred method by me because there is no danger of messing up the alignment’s stations. And in addition, we have sample lines which can be used for cross sections later on! So how to add custom labels in form of Sample Lines? The process is much like using station equations, we just have to go through these simple steps:

  1. First, we click on Sample Lines button which is located in Home tab Ribbon.
  2. Then Civil 3D will ask us to choose an Alignment.
  3. After choosing the Alignment we have to choose surfaces and corridors, for now, we just hit OK.
  4. A small window will pop up called Sample Line Tools. From it, we choose our Sample line Group and method of putting sample lines. In that case, we hit At a Station.
  5. Now we just have to choose where to put our sample lines by clicking along our Alignment. Civil will ask us for sample line width, but at that point, we don’t care about it so we just hit Enter.
  6. After placing our sample lines we have to set their labels up, much like setting Station Equation’s labels. Detailed information about setting labels can be found in post Setting up Alignment and Sample Line labels in Civil 3d

That’s it we have our custom Station labels along the Alignment!

Note: This method requires setting up into profile band’s options to show our new stations there! You can learn how here: Setting up Custom Station Labels for Profile View in Civil 3D

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